President Biden used his first speech at the United Nations since the invasion of Ukraine to accuse one man, President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, of in search of to “erase” one other nation from the map and of attempting to drag the world again to an period of nuclear confrontation.

Hours after Mr. Putin mobilized reservists for Ukraine and issued new threats to deploy Russia’s nuclear arsenal, Mr. Biden drew a sharp distinction between Russia and the West and described a rising competitors with China as it pursues its personal authoritarian imaginative and prescient.

“Let us speak plainly,” Mr. Biden mentioned as he opened his tackle to the General Assembly, accusing Mr. Putin of violating the U.N. Charter. “A permanent member of the United Nations Security Council invaded its neighbor.”

The struggle, Mr. Biden added, is about “extinguishing Ukraine’s right to exist as a state.”

“If nations can pursue their imperial ambitions without consequences,” Mr. Biden went on, the post-World War II order crumbles. “We will stand in solidarity against Russia’s aggression.”

The scope and scathing nature of Mr. Biden’s assaults on Mr. Putin have been startling; they appeared to be the most direct and sustained concentrate on a single adversary by an American president at the United Nations since 2002, when President George W. Bush referred to as the Iraqi authorities of Saddam Hussein a “grave and gathering danger.”

Mr. Biden advised the leaders “we do not seek a Cold War” or to ask different nations to select between the United States and “any other partners.”

Yet the world he described had echoes of the Cold War period. Mr. Biden forged the United States and its allies as the protectors of a fragile international order that has endured since World War II, whereas in search of to reassert American management on existential points like warming temperatures and faltering meals provides. And he portrayed Russia as the chief menace to international peace, describing the Russian chief’s warnings simply hours earlier than as “irresponsible nuclear threats” and warning him in opposition to following via.

“A nuclear war cannot be won,” Mr. Biden mentioned, “and must never be fought.”

That phrase, utilized by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail S. Gorbachev in 1985, was repeated by all the main nuclear powers in a joint assertion on Jan. 3, simply seven weeks earlier than Mr. Putin’s invasion set off maybe the largest issues about the use of nuclear weapons since the Cuban Missile Crisis, 60 years in the past.

Mr. Biden’s speech, on the second day of the U.N.’s annual gathering of world leaders, got here at a second of extraordinary peril and upheaval, with meals shortages, floods, droughts, document warmth, a pandemic and inflation. In a lot of these arenas, the U.N. has appeared both powerless or paralyzed, in half as a result of Russia, as a member of the Security Council, is in a position to veto resolutions condemning its actions. Mr. Biden seized on the second to name for U.N. reforms, although few appear imminent.

With struggle raging in Ukraine, the battle dominated the annual gathering of world leaders, although Mr. Putin and Xi Jinping of China each skipped the occasion. Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky, addressed the General Assembly in a pretaped video, recorded from Ukraine and in English.

“A crime has been committed against Ukraine, and we demand just punishment,” Mr. Zelensky mentioned, describing the loss of life and destruction that “Russia provoked with its illegal war.”

Mr. Zelensky mentioned the world should proceed to “unite around the one who fights against armed aggression.”

Earlier this month, as Ukrainian forces seized again territory in Ukraine’s northeast and, little by little, in the south, some world leaders thought Mr. Putin would possibly withdraw, declaring he had met his objectives.

Instead, hours earlier than the leaders got here to the podium of the General Assembly, he doubled down, calling for a mobilization of 300,000 Russian reservist troops and making it clear he had no intention of giving up his quest to remove Ukraine as an impartial nation.

News of Mr. Putin’s combative speech was coming throughout the cellphones of leaders and diplomats as they made their means via the blocked-off streets of Manhattan’s East Side. Many have been struck by the bluntness of his nuclear menace, which he mentioned was “not a bluff.” Others described it as rooted in despair, as Mr. Putin tries to get well from humiliating retreats.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz of Germany mentioned in an interview on Wednesday that Mr. Putin’s feedback mirrored how badly he had miscalculated in invading Ukraine.

“He’s misguided, he underestimated the situation and he’s desperate,” Mr. Scholz mentioned.

The allies largely caught collectively.

The vice chairman of the European Commission, Josep Borrell, vowed new sanctions on Moscow, although the menu of choices obtainable is diminishing, wanting full expulsion from international transactions of what was final 12 months the world’s 11th largest economic system. Mr. Borrell mentioned he would convene a rare assembly of Europe’s international ministers in New York to focus on the developments.

“Putin says that he is ready to use all arms at his disposal and when someone says ‘all’ he also means explicitly nuclear arms,” Mr. Borrell mentioned. “This is something that the international community cannot accept. The United Nations this week has to react.”

Mr. Biden additionally criticized the governments of Iran and China for his or her human rights information.

He mentioned the United States stood with “the brave citizens and the brave women of Iran, who right now are demonstrating to secure their basic rights” — a reference to the protests which have erupted in Iran over the loss of life in custody of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old lady who was arrested by the nation’s morality police final week, allegedly for violating costume codes.

And with talks stalled on restoring the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, which former President Donald J. Trump deserted, Mr. Biden implicitly threatened to use pressure if obligatory to stop Iran from growing nuclear weapons, however mentioned that he needed to stop battle.

“We will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon,” Mr. Biden mentioned, including, “I continue to believe diplomacy is the best way to achieve this outcome.”

Earlier on Wednesday, Iran’s president, Ebrahim Raisi, made his debut earlier than the General Assembly, insisting that his nation was a mannequin of justice and human rights.

Mr. Raisi’s remarks, in a lengthy speech that blended spiritual sermons and political rhetoric, made no point out of the widespread anti-government protests that had elicited a crackdown by authorities, nor the loss of life of the younger lady that had sparked them.

Several heads of state recounted the mounting toll of local weather change on impoverished folks round the world, together with cyclones in Madagascar, drought in the Horn of Africa and flooding in Pakistan.

Mr. Biden spoke of the $370 billion in new spending and tax incentives meant to cut back greenhouse gasoline emissions that he signed into regulation final month as proof of American management on preventing local weather change. And he introduced $2.9 billion in new spending by the United States to tackle international meals insecurity, which has been exacerbated by each the struggle in Ukraine and local weather change.

But leaders from Africa and elsewhere used their speeches to push rich nations to do extra, quicker, to stem international temperature rise.

“Africa’s young people, the entire continent, are waiting for polluting countries to comply with promises made,” President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar advised the meeting.

Mr. Biden acknowledged that debt at the begin of a assembly on Wednesday afternoon with United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, telling Mr. Guterres that “great polluting nations of the world like ours owe an obligation to the nations that are suffering the consequences of global warming.”

Mr. Biden met Wednesday with the new British prime minister, Liz Truss, discussing the struggle and a commerce dispute stemming from Britain’s resolution to depart the European Union, which Mr. Biden has warned might jeopardize a longstanding peace accord in Northern Ireland. The president additionally met with President Emmanuel Marcon of France and delivered remarks to the Global Fund on the worldwide combat in opposition to H.I.V./AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.

Mr. Zelensky’s tackle aired quickly after Mr. Biden completed at the Global Fund, returning the day’s focus to Mr. Putin and the injury inflicted by the invasion of Ukraine.

Mr. Zelensky referred to as on the United Nations to maintain Russia accountable by creating a particular tribunal and mentioned Russia ought to be disadvantaged of its veto proper in the U.N. Security Council.

“Russia should pay for this war,” he mentioned, “with its assets.”

Michael Crowley, Alan Yuhas and Edward Wong contributed reporting.

Source link