Colombia’s election will go to a runoff between two opposing anti-establishment candidates on 19 June after voters on Sunday had been unable to choose a president outright.
Gustavo Petro, a leftist former guerrilla and onetime mayor of Bogotá, received the biggest share of the vote, with 40%, however fell wanting the 50% required to win outright and forestall a second spherical. Petro’s rival within the runoff can be Rodolfo Hernández, a enterprise magnate and social media firebrand, who’s considered as a conservative, populist outsider.
Voters within the South American nation went to the polls amid a polarized surroundings and rising discontent over growing inequality and inflation.
Hernández was a relative unknown till surging in polls forward of the election. His marketing campaign – largely carried out on TikTok – has been criticised for being gentle on insurance policies and heavy on anti-establishment populism. He received 28% of the vote on Sunday.
“Today the nation of workers, of honesty, won,” Hernández mentioned in a speech printed on his Facebook web page on Sunday night. “Today the nation won that doesn’t want to go on, even for one more day, with the same [people] that got us in the painful situation that we are in.”
Federico Gutierrez, the rightwing former mayor of Medellín broadly seen as a continuation of the present authorities of term-limited president Iván Duque, underperformed on Sunday, having solely picked up 23% of the vote. He may show kingmaker within the second-round as his supporters are seemingly to swap to Hernández.
Petro, who has been a frontrunner within the polls for months, got here second within the 2018 election. He has promised to make important changes to the financial system, together with tax reform, and to change how Colombia fights drug cartels and different armed teams.
If he’s in a position to beat Hernández in June, it could be the primary time the South American nation has a president from the left. Petro’s working mate Francia Márquez is already making history as the first black female vice-presidential candidate.
Petro solid his vote in Bogotá, after initially having to dart residence to choose up the ID card he’d forgotten and wanted to vote, to shouts of “Petro for president!” from his supporters.
“I believe in Colombia, the peaceful dream, beautiful, fair, and full of work and knowledge,’ Petro wrote in a brief handwritten letter posted to social media on Sunday morning. “I believe it’s time to make dreams come true.”
Also on the poll on Sunday was Colombia’s fragile peace course of with the leftist rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc), who demobilised after a peace deal was signed in 2016, ending many years of civil warfare that killed over 260,000 and displaced 7 million individuals. State forces and their paramilitary allies contributed to the violence.
Petro is a fervent supporter of the deal, whereas the vanquished Gutierrez is seen as a skeptic. Hernández has pledged to assist the deal, although critics say the octogenarian businessman may shift that place as he seeks to construct a right-wing coalition.
“We know that Petro stands with the poor,” mentioned Ana Romero, a pupil from Bogotá, outdoors a polling station on Sunday afternoon. “Nobody knows anything about Rodolfo [Hernández].”
Voting happened on Sunday amid fears of political violence, although authorities reported that no main violent incidents linked to the election. Márquez voted in her residence city within the conflict-ridden Cauca province, accompanied by law enforcement officials with bulletproof shields, whereas Petro has campaigned from behind a phalanx of bodyguards.
The National Liberation Army (ELN), one other leftist insurgent group, introduced a ceasefire within the run-up to Sunday’s vote, however different factions and legal teams have routinely focused political candidates and polling stations lately.
The surge in anti-establishment campaigns squares with a public cleaved aside by social unrest. Mass protests in opposition to inequality final yr shutdown cities throughout the nation. A current Gallup ballot discovered that 75% of respondents felt their nation was going within the incorrect route. That discontent was felt on the poll field.
“Colombians are demanding a change of the socio-economic paradigm that will dictate the public policies for the next four years, but most importantly a change that restores their hope; hope for better days, for a better social environment with less corruption and more equality,” mentioned Silvana Amaya, a senior analyst in danger consultancy agency Control Risks, forward of the election.