Santa Barbara, CA — In January, a brand new exhibition centered on the work of Afro-Cuban American artist Harmonia Rosales opened on the Art, Design & Architecture Museum on the University of California at Santa Barbara. Harmonia Rosales: Entwined intermingles historic Greek and West African mythologies with a deal with Black femininity. Though I didn’t attend the present in individual, by means of a digital tour and an interview with the curator I got here to perceive that the artist and the exhibition create new prospects for a way delusion can characterize and empower.
In feedback to Hyperallergic, curator Helen Morales, the Argyropoulos Professor of Hellenic Studies at UC Santa Barbara, mentioned the origin story behind the exhibition. She notes that in the course of the pandemic, viewing Rosales’s work on-line shook her from a pandemic malaise and pushed her to get into contact with the artist.
The exhibition is the primary that I’ve curated, and I used to be lucky to have the ability to work with the artist and with Sophia Quach McCabe on the Art, Design & Architecture Museum, who’s an professional in Renaissance artwork. I used to be assisted by a graduate pupil, Polyxeni Trikoulis, who interviewed Rosales for the video that’s a part of the exhibition. Polyxeni is each Greek and African American and discovered that Rosales’ artwork spoke to her about identification and cross-cultural interactions.
The exhibition of Rosales’s work has introduced collectively a number of departments and sources on campus so as to intensify the worldwide energy of mythology — the way it has been utilized in each optimistic and damaging methods — and to heart Black ladies.
The exhibition can also be a discussion board for presenting new work from Rosales. Only “The Birth of Oshun” (2017) has been proven prior. In earlier feedback about this portray, which alludes to Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus,” (1485–1486) Rosales noted the importance of deal with Black feminine magnificence in her artwork: “When I create my work, I create it for [my daughter] so she sees the beautiful Venus as a black woman with natural hair.” In “The Birth of Oshun” and different works resembling “Creation of God,” (2017) Rosales attracts on Renaissance kinds and strategies which have lengthy been the purview of predominantly White European males depicting White ladies so as to query conventional narratives belonging to the canons of Greek delusion or Christianity. Morales notes, “Renaissance art puts White bodies front and center, but Rosales celebrates Black bodies. She creates a new Renaissance visuality, and forges a new classicism.” This “Black Classicism” is a part of a broader literary, educational, and visible motion.
Other current artists, resembling Kara Walker, Kehinde Wiley, and Sanford Biggers have additionally fused Greek delusion with Black tradition and historical past. As Morales factors out, the poet and graphic artist Inua Ellams’s e book, The Half-God of Rainfall, imagined what would occur if the goddesses of Greek and Yoruba delusion banded collectively towards the opposite gods. And but Rosales’s work has a singular capacity to critique the current second, whereas underscoring relationships between it and the mythologies of the previous. Morales and Rosales created a story with the exhibition, following the patakís (tales) of the orishas (West African Yoruba deities), a part of the Yoruba-derived faith, Lucumí. “These stories are ‘entwined’ with those from ancient Greek mythology, creating connections across time and space, and across thousands of years of myth-making.”
Rosales’s work acknowledges and rectifies the necessity for the general public illustration of Black individuals, notably Black ladies, in artwork. She additionally makes use of her portray to handle the violence exacted upon these individuals with American historical past.
Make no mistake, a number of the work in exhibition are offended and ought to make you offended; they reveal the horrors of the transatlantic slave commerce (the tales of the orishas survived the trafficking of tens of millions of Yoruba individuals within the Atlantic slave commerce, and their coercion into the Catholic Church after they arrived in Cuba), and are a corrective to the Eurocentrism and white supremacism of Western artwork historic traditions. But in addition they invite us to mirror upon similarities between Greek and Yoruba tales, and what unites in addition to what divides us.
A giant theme of the exhibition is the continued efficiency of historic delusion immediately. Morales factors to the truth that delusion offers with massive occasions and feelings — beginning and dying, love, betrayal, sexual violation, migration, resilience, and hope — which can be nonetheless part of our lives immediately.
The pandemic has maybe proven us the fact of our personal mortality, and additionally compelled us to confront grief and loss head on. But as Morales notes, Rosales underscores an energetic and vibrant faith that continues, “Unlike ancient Greek myths, Yoruba tales are both stories and the narratives of a religion that continues to be practiced.” For the exhibition, Morales labored with Elizabeth Pérez, a non secular research professor at UCSB, who’s each a practitioner of Lucumí and an professional in its historical past.
An concept current in Yoruba faith is that every thing and everybody incorporates ashé, a dynamic power, however that ashé is very highly effective in artwork and delusion making. Its power has the ability to remodel us. In Rosales’s work this occurs on an mental stage, by urgent us to mirror on, for instance, how the gods abuse and have been abused, and on an emotional stage, by the sturdy emotions that her work evoke — it’s a really highly effective, and transformative, mixture.
Pérez is giving one of many public lectures in a collection titled “Myth, Religion, and Race” that accompanies the exhibition, together with Princeton classicist Dan-el Padilla Peralta, and Northwestern sociologist Vilna Bashi.
From Super Bowl ads starring Zeus and Hera to new animation initiatives and motion pictures centered on historic Greece, delusion stays highly effective as a result of, as Morales places it, “It is part of our cultural grammar.” And but, this grammar has no set guidelines. It is consistently being remade and remixed, tailored for the subsequent technology. “Myths have the power to affirm different identities and experiences,” Morales reminds us. “Both Greek mythology and the Yoruba tales often involve the gods taking the form of different genders, or being non-binary.” Far from being a relic of the previous, Rosales’s artwork manifests how delusion can compel us to mirror on the harms of slavery, colonialism, racism, imperialism, and exclusion, all whereas embedding a brand new, extra world mythological grammar for others to start to write with.
Harmonia Rosales: Entwined is on exhibition on the Art, Design & Architecture Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara (552 University Road, Santa Barbara, California) by means of May 1. It was curated by Helen Morales.