Israel-Hamas War and Gaza Cease-Fire Proposal: Live Updates

A United Nations fee investigating the Oct. 7 assaults on Israel and the next battle in Gaza has accused each Palestinian armed teams and Israel of committing battle crimes, and the panel mentioned that Israel’s conduct of the battle included crimes in opposition to humanity.

In a report launched on Wednesday, the three-person fee — led by Navi Pillay, a former United Nations human rights chief — offered essentially the most detailed U.N. examination but of occasions on and since Oct. 7. The report doesn’t itself carry any penalties, nevertheless it lays out a authorized evaluation of actions within the Gaza battle that’s prone to be weighed by the International Court of Justice and in different worldwide prison proceedings. Israel didn’t cooperate with the investigation and protested the panel’s evaluation of its conduct, the panel mentioned.

The report mentioned that Hamas’s navy wing and six different Palestinian armed teams — aided in some cases by Palestinian civilians — killed and tortured folks in the course of the Oct. 7 assault on Israel through which greater than 800 civilians have been among the many greater than 1,200 killed. An extra 252 folks, together with 36 youngsters, have been taken hostage, the report mentioned.

“Many abductions were carried out with significant physical, mental and sexual violence and degrading and humiliating treatment, including in some cases parading the abductees,” the report mentioned. “Women and women’s bodies were used as victory trophies by male perpetrators.”

The fee additionally reviewed allegations by journalists and the Israeli authorities that Palestinian militants had dedicated rape, nevertheless it mentioned that it had “not been able to independently verify such allegations” as a result of Israel had not cooperated with the inquiry. The report cited “a lack of access to victims, witnesses and crime sites and the obstruction of its investigations by the Israeli authorities.”

Hamas has rejected all accusations that its forces engaged in sexual violence in opposition to Israeli girls, the fee famous.

The web site of a music competition that was attacked on Oct. 7. The U.N. report mentioned that Palestinian armed teams killed and tortured folks in the course of the assaults that day.Credit…Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

The fee additionally cited vital proof of the desecration of corpses, together with sexualized desecration, decapitations, lacerations, burning and the severing of physique components.

But Israel, throughout its monthslong marketing campaign in Gaza to oust Hamas, has additionally dedicated battle crimes, the fee mentioned, like using hunger as a weapon of battle by a complete siege of Gaza.

It mentioned Israel’s use of heavy weapons in densely populated areas amounted to a direct assault on the civilian inhabitants and had the important components of against the law in opposition to humanity, disregarding the need of distinguishing between combatants and civilians and inflicting a disproportionately excessive variety of civilian casualties, significantly amongst girls and youngsters.

The battle had killed or maimed tens of hundreds of Palestinian youngsters, a scale and a charge of casualties that have been “unparalleled across conflicts in recent decades,” the fee mentioned.

Other crimes in opposition to humanity dedicated by Israel in Gaza, the fee mentioned, included “extermination, murder, gender persecution targeting Palestinian men and boys, forcible transfer of the population, torture, and inhuman and cruel treatment.”

The panel mentioned Israeli forces used sexual and gender-based violence, together with pressured nudity and sexual humiliation, as “an operating procedure” in opposition to Palestinians in the midst of pressured evacuations and detentions. “Both male and female victims were subjected to such sexual violence,” the report mentioned, “but men and boys were targeted in particular ways.”

“The treatment of men and boys was intentionally sexualized as an act of retaliation for the attack,” it added, referring to Oct. 7.

Wounded Palestinian youngsters at Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip, on Sunday. The U.N. report mentioned Israel’s use of heavy weapons in densely populated areas precipitated a disproportionately excessive variety of civilian casualties.Credit…Abed Khaled/Reuters

In a press release responding to the report, Israel’s mission to the United Nations in Geneva denounced what it known as “systematic anti-Israeli discrimination.” It mentioned the fee had disregarded Hamas’s use of human shields and “outrageously and repugnantly” tried to attract a false equivalence between Hamas and the Israeli navy in relation to sexual violence.

A spokesman for Israel’s overseas ministry, Oren Marmorstein, later known as the report “another example of the cynical political theater called the U.N.” in a put up on social media. “The report describes an alternate reality in which decades of terrorist attacks have been erased, there are no continuous missile attacks on Israeli citizens and there isn’t a democratic state defending itself against a terrorist assault,” he wrote.

The fee — which incorporates Chris Sidoti, an Australian professional on human rights legislation, and Miloon Kothari, an Indian professional on human rights and social coverage — mentioned Israel had refused to cooperate with its investigation and denied the group entry to Israel, Gaza and the West Bank. Israel additionally didn’t reply to 6 requests for data, the panel mentioned.

The group based mostly its findings on interviews with survivors and witnesses carried out remotely and in particular person in visits to Turkey and Egypt. It additionally drew on satellite tv for pc imagery, forensic medical data and open supply information, together with pictures and movies shot by Israeli troops and shared on social media.

The fee mentioned it had recognized the folks most liable for battle crimes or crimes in opposition to humanity, together with senior members of Hamas and different Palestinian armed teams and senior members of Israel’s political and navy management, together with members of its battle cupboard. The fee mentioned it will proceed its investigations specializing in these with particular person prison duty and command or superior duty.

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