ISTANBUL — Turkey fired a missile as a check of its Russian-made air protection system on Friday, a United States official confirmed, a transfer that breaks an settlement with the Trump administration and dangers the imposition of sanctions by Congress.

The Turkish navy examined the air protection system, often known as the S-400, within the Black Sea province of Sinop, A Haber tv, a information outlet shut to the federal government, first reported and a U.S. official who spoke on situation of anonymity later confirmed. Video obtained by Reuters confirmed a white smoke path rising excessive within the sky.

There was no official affirmation from the Turkish authorities of the check launch, but additionally no denial of the information report. Turkey had been seen shifting the missiles to Sinop and had issued a number of latest notices proscribing air house and waters off the coastal space to enable for assessments.

The check launch brings Turkey nearer to activating the system, a step that will additional pressure relations with the United States.

A State Department spokeswoman, Morgan Ortagus, stated the United States had advised Turkish officers on the most senior ranges that the acquisition of Russian navy programs just like the S-400 was unacceptable, and that such programs shouldn’t be made operational.

If formally confirmed, Ms. Ortagus stated, “we would condemn in the strongest terms the S-400 test missile launch as incompatible with Turkey’s responsibilities as a NATO ally and strategic partner of the United States.”

“We have also been clear on the potential serious consequences of our security relationship if Turkey activates the system,” she added.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey enraged the United States and different NATO allies final 12 months by shopping for the superior S-400 system. The system is aimed toward countering American F-35 stealth bombers and different superior Western weaponry, and navy officers have complained that Turkey’s use of it’s going to compromise NATO plane within the neighborhood.

The U.S. authorities suspended Turkey from its F-35 program and has warned that penalties may very well be imposed towards it beneath a program often known as Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.

Mr. Erdogan has insisted on Turkey’s proper to purchase the weapons programs as a part of a extra militarized and assertive international coverage, and the S-400 system has change into an essential buy in his relationship with Russia.

In latest months, although, Mr. Erdogan had appeared to tread extra rigorously. Under an settlement with the Trump administration, Turkey had stored the missile system beneath wraps and since April had made no transfer to activate it.

By shifting nearer to activating the S-400 system Mr. Erdogan was elevating his bargaining energy with the United States and NATO, however was additionally risking additional penalties, stated Asli Aydintasbas, senior fellow with the European Council on Foreign Relations.

“He is raising the value of the bargaining chip, but also the size of the risk,” she stated. “It is a Russian roulette of sorts.”

Mr. Erdogan could also be calculating that President Trump won’t win the election and that he has time to activate the S-400 since it will be months earlier than a brand new administration took workplace and reviewed its insurance policies towards Turkey, she added.

Carlotta Gall reported from Istanbul, and Eric Schmitt from Washington.

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