Iran’s largest antigovernment protests since 2009 gathered power on Saturday, spreading to as many as 80 cities.

Protesters have reportedly taken the small, principally Kurdish metropolis of Oshnavieh. Many worry a crackdown: “We are expecting blood to be spilled,” stated an Iranian Kurd primarily based in Germany who edits a information web site. “It’s an extremely tense situation.”

In response, the authorities have escalated their crackdown, together with opening fireplace on crowds. On Friday, state media stated not less than 35 had been killed, however rights teams stated the quantity is probably going a lot increased. Activists and journalists have additionally been arrested, in accordance with rights teams and information experiences.

Background: The protests had been ignited by the dying of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old lady who was arrested by the morality police on accusations of violating the hijab mandate. Women have led the demonstrations, some ripping off their head scarves, waving them and burning them as males have cheered them on.

Context: Analysts say that deep resentments have been constructing for months in response to a crackdown ordered by Ebrahim Raisi, the hard-line president, that has focused ladies. Years of complaints over corruption, financial and Covid mismanagement, and widespread political repression play a task.


Shinzo Abe, Japan’s former prime minister who was assassinated in July, is scheduled to be buried tomorrow. The state funeral has led to widespread frustration and outcry.

Thousands of protesters have taken to the streets or signed petitions, complaining that the ceremony is a waste of public cash. They additionally say that the funeral was imposed upon the nation by Fumio Kishida, the unpopular present prime minister, and his cupboard. Some polls present that greater than 60 p.c of the general public opposes the funeral.

Abe’s assassination has additionally set off uncomfortable revelations about ties between politicians in Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party, which remains to be in energy, and the Unification Church, a fringe non secular group. The South Korea-based group is accused of preying on weak individuals in Japan, just like the mom of the person charged with murdering Abe.

Legacy: The backlash has additionally turn out to be a referendum on Abe’s tenure. While Abe was largely lionized on the worldwide stage, he was far more divisive in Japan, the place he was concerned in controversial choices and scandals. “Now people think, ‘Why didn’t more people get mad at the time?’” one sociologist stated.

Context: Tetsuya Yamagami, the person charged with Abe’s homicide, had written of his anger on the Unification Church. A journalist stated that Yamagami has turn out to be a type of romantic antihero for some individuals who have felt buffeted by financial and social forces.


In two areas, Kherson and Zaporizka, all males ages 18 to 35 have been forbidden to depart and ordered to report for army obligation, Ukrainian officers and witnesses stated. The roundups comply with President Vladimir Putin’s declaration of a “partial mobilization” final week that can also be sweeping up a whole bunch of 1000’s of Russians.

Moscow can also be forcing residents of occupied areas to vote in staged referendums, which started on Friday, on becoming a member of Russia. Despite the votes, Ukraine’s army saved preventing to reclaim territory. Volodymyr Zelensky, Ukraine’s president, urged Ukrainians to keep away from mobilization efforts “by any means” and referred to as on Russians to withstand Putin’s conscription.

“Sabotage any activity of the enemy, hinder any Russian operations, provide us with any important information about the occupiers — their bases, headquarters, warehouses with ammunition,” he stated on Friday. “And at the first opportunity, switch to our positions. Do everything to save your life and help liberate Ukraine.”

Ukraine is making good points in the south, however the preventing is ensuing in many casualties. And Ukraine is pushing forward to retake areas in the northeast and the south, dismissing Moscow’s threats to annex territory.

Draft: Russia’s call-up of army reservists seems to be drawing extra closely from minority teams and rural areas. Criticism is rising, and not less than 745 individuals have been detained throughout Russia after protests.

Death: Serhiy Sova’s physique was exhumed from a grave in Izium. The picture of a bracelet on his wrist in Ukraine’s colours, given to him by his kids, has transfixed the nation.

In 2002, the Joola ferry left Ziguinchor, Senegal, with about 1,900 aboard. It tilted, then capsized. More individuals died on the Joola than on the Titanic, and solely 64 individuals survived.

For the anniversary of the catastrophe, The Times’s West Africa correspondent, Elian Peltier, vividly recreated the little identified incident. Alongside Mady Camara of the Dakar bureau, Peltier met with survivors who nonetheless bear scars.

“Their trauma remains so pronounced — the insomnia and speech issues, alcoholism, depression, survivor’s guilt, just to name a few symptoms — but it mostly remains unaddressed,” he stated.

A prosecutor concluded that solely the captain, who died, was culpable, regardless of a separate report that exposed appreciable dysfunction, together with warnings in regards to the military-run ship’s situation.

The kin of most victims have given up looking for justice, as an alternative pouring their efforts into elevating the wreck to honor their family members. More than 550 have been buried, however most stay 59 ft deep in the Atlantic.

“The swell has been hitting these souls for the past 20 years,” Elie Jean Bernard Diatta informed our reporters. Her brother Michel died whereas taking 26 youngsters to a soccer match. “They speak to us in dreams, and they ask for one thing only: to rest in peace underground,” she stated.

That’s it for at this time’s briefing. See you subsequent time. — Amelia

P.S. Riis Beach has lengthy been a haven for queer New Yorkers. That might quickly change with improvement. “Queer people will always find a way to keep a space that is sacred to them,” stated Yael Malka, a photographer who visited the seashore greater than two dozen instances this summer season.

The newest episode of “The Daily” is on the way forward for American evangelicalism.

Lynsey Chutel, a Briefings author primarily based in Johannesburg, wrote at this time’s Arts and Ideas. You can attain Amelia and the crew at briefing@nytimes.com.



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